The use of energy is an indispensable part of human life. It exists in our daily lives in various forms from production to consumption. Unfortunately, the majority of energy demand is supplied by nonrenewable energy resources such as oil, coal and natural gas. There are three problems about these nonrenewable energy resources:
Implementations that will enable us to use these resources more effectively and economically will help us overcome environmental problems and provide sustainability in energy utilization.
Water is an indispensable natural resource and the continuation of life on earth depends on water. Like in energy resources, water has various areas of use in our daily lives. Fresh water springs make up only 2.5% of the total water resources on our planet. The pressure on water resources is deepening as the human population rises and at the same time the global climate change is altering water cycles and creating problems in reaching water resources in a timely manner. The retrieval of the polluted water into the economy is a very expensive procedure.
Turkey has to put emphasis on the effective use of water resources since it is one of the countries that will be highly affected by the global climate change due to its geographical context. Water conservation will also support policies that will be implemented in order to adapt to changing climates.
In a metropolis like Istanbul, transportation is a vital part of daily life. It is also one of the sectors that demand the most energy. Both in marine and land transportation, nonrenewable energy resources are being used. The encouragement for using public transportation for providing energy conservation and overcoming global climate change has a crucial role in sustainability.
There has been an important decline in the amount of fuel consumption per person. Public transportation also poses solutions to traffic jam and local air pollution. İstanbul Bilgi University has implemented the following initiatives both in and out of the campuses:
Due to the increase in human population and consumption variations, more and more waste comes out each day in our daily lives. Solid wastes are divided into two groups: organic (fruit and vegetables) and inorganic (paper, glass, plastic). The inorganic wastes are renewable. Recycling the wastes leads to a balanced use of natural resources, energy conservation and especially protection of the forests.