COVID-19, Vaccination, and Health
Why should I get vaccinated?
As for all the other vaccines and medicines, COVID-19 vaccine has undergone clinical trials and been tested for safety and it is recommended as the most effective method for protection against COVID-19 pandemic in Turkey as in other countries. Millions of people have been vaccinated up until now and the preventiveness of the vaccine and its side effects have been regularly followed. People who are vaccinated have a lower chance of being hospitalized, transmitting the disease, and losing their lives. While a single dose of vaccine provides significant protection against COVID-19, the second dose and additional doses are needed to ensure long-term effectiveness since the pandemic is still ongoing due to the high number of people who are unvaccinated.
When does the vaccine begin to protect us?
COVID-19 vaccine begins to provide maximum protection against coronavirus 2 weeks after the second dose. It provides 70-90% protection for approximately 6-8 months. In addition, in case one is infected with COVID-19, it helps one pull through the illness with milder symptoms.
Does the vaccine have side effects?
All treatments may have side effects. In approximately one out of every 100 people who got the COVID-19 vaccine, side effects such as sore arm, fever, and headache for a few days have been observed in a way that might interfere with the daily activities. On the other hand, the development of certain medical conditions (for example, myocarditis) that are reported as a side effect of the vaccine is much lower compared to developing that condition after contracting COVID-19.
Do the vaccinated need to follow the rules pertaining to wearing a mask and practicing physical distance?
COVID-19 vaccine provides 70-90% protection against the illness. However, it reduces the infectiousness of the illness approximately 20%. It is of great importance that one continues to wear a mask and practice physical distance in order not to transmit the illness to other people.
Are there any sources that I can acquire information about the COVID-19 vaccines?
- For the Ministry of Health’s COVID-19 Vaccine Information Platform, please
- For the website of World Health Organization, please click.
Why is a PCR test required? Is it possible to have a saliva test or blood test?
COVID-19 virus spreads between people through droplets. For this reason, the infected individuals should be immediately separated from healthy ones. PCR (Polymerase Change Reaction) is a test that is most suitable for general use and has the highest rate of detecting the infected people. In the simplest term, PCR attempts to multiply the sample taken from the virus found on the nose and mouth through swabbing by means of enzymatic methods and to detect the RNA of the virus.
PCR result comes positive if the RNA of the virus is detected within the sample and it is then established that there is 70-80% possibility that the person in question is infected with coronavirus. The reason as to why a PCR test is required is to detect the infected individuals and prevent the spread of the disease by separating them from healthy people. For this reason, one needs to take a PCR test in order to protect both our own health and the health right of the other students and staff at our University. In the near future, different tests could be used under the light of different scientific developments.
How long are the people who have had COVID-19 exempt from PCR test?
People who have developed immunity for COVID-19 are not required to take a PCR test. People who have had COVID-19 and whose PCR test came positive 180 days ago at most are accepted as immune to the virus and they are not required to take a PCR test.
What should I do in the event that I exhibit COVID-19 symptoms, I have been in contact/close contact with someone who has been diagnosed with COVID-19 or I test positive for COVID-19?
- In case you exhibit COVID-19 symptoms such as high fever, respiratory distress, back pain, loss of taste and smell, and coughing, you should notify the infirmary without delay and go to the nearest hospital by wearing your mask.
- In case you exhibit COVID-19 symptoms, have been in contact/close contact with a COVID patient or test positive for COVID-19, you have to provide information about your condition to our University physicians Hulusi Orhangazili (e-mail: email@example.com/ tel: 02123117670) or Mustafa Sülkü (mustafa.sülkü@bilgi.edu.tr/tel: 02123116444).
- The staff in this condition also need to notify the director of their department and Kübra Yavuz from the Human Resources Unit (firstname.lastname@example.org/ tel:02123116150).,
- Our students who are infected with COVID-19 or have been in contact with a COVID-19 patient need to share their HES codes with the faculty/school/vocational school secretaries.
- In case you test positive for COVID-19, it is of great importance that you report all the people you have had contact including the 2-day period before your symptoms begin to appear. In this way, the patients can be isolated and the spreading of the disease can be prevented.
Who is a close contact?
If a person has been within 1 meter of someone who tested positive for COVID-19 more than 15 minutes, that person is considered a close contact. People working in the same office or sharing the same room in the household are also considered close contacts. For more detailed information, you can contact our University physicians.
What should I do when I exhibit cold symptoms?
Provided that you contact the infirmaries of our University or come to the infirmaries, you will be guided regarding what you should do.
How much physical distance is required for protection against COVID-19?
For protection against COVID-19, a distance of 2 meters should be maintained between people in places where they talk loudly, smoke, and play sports. In other cases, a physical distance of 1 meter is sufficient.
Should I take additional measures while using public transportation?
In public transportation, the central ventilation, if possible, should not be turned on and people should wear double masks.
Should I take additional measures in settings such as restaurants where I have to take my mask off?
In such settings, it is recommended to follow physical distance rules, speak as little as possible and finish eating quickly, and leave the crowd. One can choose to eat during the less crowded hours of the restaurants and get takeaways and eat in less crowded places.
I got the COVID-19 vaccine abroad, how can I register it in the e-Nabız system?
If you received the first dose of COVID-19 vaccine abroad, a vaccine that is administered in Turkey, you can make an appointment for first dose of vaccine and get your second dose in Turkey via the Central Physician Appointment System (MHRS webç MHRS mobile) or e-nabız.
You can apply to Provincial Health Directorates or District Health Directorates to have your vaccine/vaccines that were administered abroad registered in e-Nabız system.
You need a signed petition including the following information and copy of your Republic of Turkey Identity Card and Vaccination Card defined to your name in the country where you were vaccinated as the attachment of your petition.
Information to be included in the petition:
- Your name, surname, Republic of Turkey Identity Card Information, telephone number and address.
- The name of the vaccine(s), the number of doses administered, the administration dates of the vaccine(s), and the information regarding the country that you request to be registered in the e-Nabız system.
If you apply to the Provincial Health Directorates or District Health Directorates with your petition and the documents attached to the petition, your vaccine/vaccines will be evaluated by the commission and processed into the e-Nabız system.